According to Gartner, Cloud Security Posture Management (CSPM) tools are fundamental to cloud security. Gartner states that "CSP concentrates on security assessment and compliance monitoring, primarily across the IaaS cloud stack". CSPM typically involves leveraging API integrations with one or more cloud providers in order to automatically discover cloud assets and their associated risks. "Nearly all successful attacks on cloud services are the result of customer misconfiguration, mismanagement and mistakes. Security and risk management leaders should invest in cloud security posture management processes and tools to proactively identify and remediate these risks."